The Law N°59/2017 OF 24/1/2018 Governing Radiation Protection in Rwanda, especially in Article 4, gives RURA the mandate to regulate radiation materials including nuclear energy. It clearly indicates that the regulatory functions for radiation protection are performed by the Regulatory Authority in an independent, impartial and transparent manner.
The Law governs the use, management and regulation of ionising radiations related activities to ensure protection of people, biodiversity and the environment from ionising radiations adverse effects by assessing and managing the risks posed by ionising radiations related activities.
The Law applies also to the management of radioactive waste resulting from civilian applications, the regulation and management of the peaceful use of ionising radiations including the production, possession, use, import, export, transportation, transfer, handling and management, or other related activities or practices approved by the Regulatory Authority, RURA.
In Rwanda radioactive materials and radiation sources are found in medical centres such as hospitals, security agencies, agriculture sector, mining and milling, industries, construction, etc.
Radioactivity is defined as a natural phenomenon and natural sources of radiation are features of the environment. Radiation and radioactive substances have many beneficial applications, ranging from power generation to be used in medicine, industry, in farming and other sectors.