i. Methane gas
The Lake Kivu methane gas reserves are estimated at around 55 billion cubic meters with an estimated renewal rate of about 120 million cubic meters every year.
The Government of Rwanda has prioritized the production of electricity from this unique resource in order to address the growing electrical energy deficit.
Ongoing methane-to-electrical power projects:
- Kibuye Power (KP1) pilot project generating around 2 MW of electrical power, half of its designed capacity of 3.6 MW due to some technology bottlenecks.
- The Rwanda Energy Company (REC), a subsidiary of Rwanda Investment Group (RIG), has been granted a Gas Concession Agreement to generate 3.6 MW in the first phase before scaling its production up to 50 MW.
- KivuWatt project, a subsidiary of Contour Global (US-based Company) plans to generate 100MW in two phases, the first phase is expected to produce 25 MW that will be followed by the second phase of 75 MW.
The role of RURA has mainly been of monitoring the development of this industry by providing technical guidance i.e., harmonization of Management Prescriptions (MPs), for Development of Lake Kivu Gas Resources, carrying out technical site visits and collaborating with policymakers and other Government entities to provide technical advice regarding Lake Kivu Methane Gas exploitation, etc.
ii. Other industrial gases
Other industrial gases consist of medical gases, mainly used in hospitals and others gases used in industrial processes (Oxy-acetylene, acetylene, ammonia, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, etc).
In collaboration with relevant stakeholders such as the Rwanda Standards Board (former RBS), Rwanda Biomedical Center (RBC), King Faisal Hospital (KFH), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Kigali (CHUK), Rwanda Oxygen Company and KALISIMBI Company, RURA embarked on the development of Medical Gases Draft Regulations by identifying and harmonizing applicable standards that are used in the country.